Ten Commandments for feeding  Cattle

 

      Plant green feed, include green feed in the straw ration (leaves and banana trunks)

 

      Feed as much as the animal can eat (both straw and green feed)

 

      Mineral feeding is essential. Do Not forget to feed common salt and water

 

      Concentrate feeding is required according to production level.

 

      Obtain and treat only good quality straw (dry, clean, no moulds)

 

      Buy and store enough straw when easily available. Stack the straw well.

 

      Treat the straw according to the recommendations and keep the stack/clamp airtight to avoid moulds.

 

      If you do not have enough feed, consider alternatives like silage or selling excess animals, e.g. Young bulls and sick animals.

 

      Keep the best quality feed for animals with the greatest need (e.g. calves and high producers).

 

      Always consider the economics, even if production increases it may be at the expense of more costly inputs, which are not always warranted.

Treating Straws with Urea

Table 1: Standard conditions for urea-ammoniation of commonly available cereal straws.

 

Straw required

Urea needed/100 kg straw (kg)

Quantity of water to be added (Lt)

Minimum time for incubation (days)

Paddy straw

4

85

10

Jowar straw

4

50

14

Bajra straw

4

35

20

Maize straw

4

50

14

Korra straw

4

30

30

 


CALVING INDEX FOR COWS

 

Date of Service

 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

May

Jun.

Jul.

Aug.

Sep.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Date of delivery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

7

5

5

4

4

6

7

7

7

7

6

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

May

Jun.

Jul.

Aug.

Sep.

 

                  

 

                     Note:-   The number of days added to both dates will give

                                   the expected delivery date e.g. date of service is

                                   10th  January, expected delivery date would be

                                   17th October.