LIVE STOCK PRODUCTION
The Joint Director(Livestock
Production) of the Animal Husbandry & Animal Welfare Department,
is in-charge of the
Cattle Cross Breeding
Programme & Services.
Frozen Semen Bank
Key Village Centres 4
blocks in Puducherry and KVC one Block in Karaikal
45 Key Village Units
in Puducherry, 14 Key Village Units in Karaikal, 3 Key Village Units
in Mahe and 3 Key Village Units in Yanam Region.
5. Conduct of Calf Rallies in all Key Village Units.
6. Compensation to un-insured animals.
1. CATTLE CROSS BREEDING
forms an integral part of our agricultural economy.
In Puducherry the Artificial
Insemination Centre was started on 10.12.1956 and the Frozen Semen
Bank was started on
2. FROZEN SEMEN BANK:
The Frozen Semen Bank at
Puducherry was established during the year 1976.
It has been instrumental in running the Artificial Insemination
Programme as per the Cross breeding Policy of this Department.
The Semen Bank is manned by one Veterinary Assistant Surgeon,
under the Joint Director(L.P.) and has supportive technical staff in
the form of Livestock Assistants and Attendants.
Purchase of Frozen Semen
Artificial Insemination by frozen semen has proven to be most effective tool for the genetic improvement of cattle of the country for sustained milk production which also has dove-tailing effects on the agricultural economy and income, enhanced milk production, increase of quality animals, poverty allievation, and reduction of mal nutrition. The bulls from which the semen is collected, preserved and stored as frozen semen are playing vital role in transmitting high quality genetic material like good conception rate, free from disease, increase production and other quality aspects in Artificial insemination by frozen semen. Any defects in the bull are leading to low conception rate, low production, and other communicable disease which will lead to economic loss to farming community and difficulty in keeping the farming community in the dairy industry which is the major subsidiary income for the farming community. Hence, the department is purchasing the required doses of Frozen Semen from the ‘A’ Grade semen production stations from the year 2008-09, as per the list of Central Monitoring Unit of Central Frozen Semen Production and Training Institute, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India, New Delhi.
receipt and storage of semen, Liquid Nitrogen(LN2), Artificial
Insemination guns, sheaths, gloves and other relevant accessories and
of the Semen, LN2 & above items at prescribed periodical intervals
to all the Key Village Units in Puducherry and Karaikal region.
continuous vigil on the purchased/stored semen straws for
post thaw motility, to ensure better fertility rates.
storage and supply of medicines, feed supplements and
other inputs for the Key Village Units.
The cattle development activities in the beginning constituted with the distribution of breeding bulls to interested cattle breeders to upgrade the quality of cattle. This was succeeded by Key Village Scheme at compact areas in selected pockets. The primary object of the scheme is to bring forth pedigree type of cattle wealth and that too within a short span. Therefore it is a scheme for the development of cattle in selected compact areas and provides for a multifaced approach to the problem by simultaneous attention to breeding feeding, disease control etc. The basic objective of the scheme is the rapid multiplication of crossbred cattle for meeting the acute shortage of high quality animals by grading up of the indigenous cattle population. The term key village is expressively worded. It shows that the key village holds the key to the successful cattle improvement can be achieved only by large scale work in villages where most of the cattle breeding is carried on.
No. of Key Village Centres : Puducherry - 1 No.
Karaikal - 1 No.
No. of Blocks in the Key Village Centres : Puducherry - 4 Nos.
Karaikal - 1 No.
No. of Key Village Units : Puducherry - 43 Nos.
Karaikal - 16 Nos.
Mahe - 3 Nos.
Yanam - 3 Nos.
Urban Artificial Insemination Centres : Puducherry - 1 No.
Karaikal - 1 No.
Mobile Artificial Insemination Units : Puducherry - 3 Nos.
Karaikal - 1 No.
Frozen Semen Bank : Puducherry - 1 Nos.
The overall in-charge of Key Village Centres and Key Village Units is the Joint Director (Livestock Production). The Key Village Units are grouped in 4 Blocks in respect of Puducherry Region and 1 Block in Karaikal Region and are supervised by the Veterinary Assistant Surgeons in the Key Village Centres. The staff pattern of a Key Village Unit is one post of Assistant Veterinarian and one post of Attendant. In the Key Village Unit, the following works are performed by the staff:-
Pregnancy & Calf
After 60 days from the date of last A.I., the animal can be
examined per-rectum for verification of pregnancy, and if found
positive for pregnancy then it is recorded in the A.I. hand book of
the farmer and the tentative date of calving is also given and the
same is also recorded in the A.I. register of the Key Village Units.
If the animal is not
pregnant then the animal is treated wherever necessary to bring the
animal back to heat for doing A.I. and the owner is advised
accordingly as per case is concerned.
The pregnancy and calf
verification is periodically done by the field staff - the Assistant
Veterinarian and supervised or cross checked by the Veterinary
Assistant Surgeon. The
Assistant Veterinarian visit the villages in the Afternoon session as
per the advance tour programme. The Advance Tour programme of the
Assistant Veterinarian of each Key Village Unit is given below.
of Calf Rallies:
Conduct of calf rallies provide the physical inspection and verification of the female calves produced by the field units out of Artificial Insemination. It is also a meeting place for the livestock owners to see for them to improve the management technique adopted by the co-livestock owners and to practically follow the feeding methods to improve the health of their calves. The selected good female calves would be awarded cash prizes (I Prize Rs.500/-; II Prize Rs.300/-; and III Prize Rs.200/-) as incentives to the owners of calves so as to motivate them to maintain their calves in a healthy condition and get maximum benefits.
6.Compensation to Un-insured animals
In view of safeguarding the interest of farmers and encouraging them to rear milch animals to maintain milk production, compensating the loss caused to farmers by death due to accident or diseases (or) permanent total disablement of their un-insured milch cows / buffalo resulting in which the cows becomes permanent total incapacity to conceive or yield milk and in case of Bullocks resulting in permanent total incapacity for the normal purpose of usage and creating confidence in the farmers to manage their occupation and prevent them from changing over to other subsidiary occupations. In the case of death of un-insured animal, the farmer will get compensation of Rs.6000/- and in the case of permanent total disablement of uninsured livestock, the farmers will get compensation of Rs.3000/-.