The Joint Director(Livestock Production) of the Animal Husbandry & Animal Welfare Department, is in-charge of the

1.      Cattle Cross Breeding Programme & Services.

2.      Frozen Semen Bank

3.      Key Village Centres 4 blocks in Puducherry and KVC one Block in Karaikal

4.      45 Key Village Units in Puducherry, 14 Key Village Units in Karaikal, 3 Key Village Units in Mahe and 3 Key Village Units in Yanam Region.

5.     Conduct of Calf Rallies in all Key Village Units.

6.     Compensation to un-insured animals.





Livestock forms an integral part of our agricultural economy.  After Independence during the First Five Year Plan(1951-56) a programme called as Key Village Scheme was launched.  This was initially to cover a population of 10,000 breedable cows and buffaloes  at National level.  Initially natural service was practised but later Artificial Insemination(A.I.) was introduced at most of these Key Village Centres.

          In Puducherry the Artificial Insemination Centre was started on 10.12.1956 and the Frozen Semen Bank was started on 21-03-1978 .  As per the national breeding policy for the agro climatic environment prevailing in Puducherry Union Territory with its mainly hot and humid coastal climate the policy is to resort to cross breeding with Jersey animals to maintain 50% level of exotic inheritance and to provide germplasm of selected pedigreed cross bred bulls for inter-se mating among the cross bred Jerseys.  Germplasm of superior bulls of Murrah buffalo breed is recommended for grading up the local buffalo population of our Union Territory of Puducherry.



          The Frozen Semen Bank at Puducherry was established during the year 1976.  It has been instrumental in running the Artificial Insemination Programme as per the Cross breeding Policy of this Department.  The Semen Bank is manned by one Veterinary Assistant Surgeon, under the Joint Director(L.P.) and has supportive technical staff in the form of Livestock Assistants and Attendants.


Purchase of Frozen Semen

                 Artificial Insemination by frozen semen has proven to be most effective tool for the genetic improvement of cattle of the country for sustained milk production which also has dove-tailing effects on the agricultural economy and income, enhanced milk production, increase of quality animals, poverty allievation, and reduction of mal nutrition. The bulls from which the semen is collected, preserved and stored as frozen semen are playing vital role in transmitting high quality genetic material like good conception rate, free from disease, increase production and other quality aspects in Artificial insemination by frozen semen.  Any defects in the bull are leading to low conception rate, low production, and other communicable disease which will lead to economic loss to farming community and difficulty in keeping the farming community in the dairy industry which is the major subsidiary income for the farming community.  Hence, the department is purchasing the required doses of Frozen Semen from the ‘A’ Grade semen production stations from the year 2008-09, as per the list of Central Monitoring Unit of Central Frozen Semen Production and Training Institute, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India, New Delhi.


1)           Purchase, receipt and storage of semen, Liquid Nitrogen(LN2), Artificial Insemination guns, sheaths, gloves and other relevant accessories and toiletries

2)           Distribution of the Semen, LN2 & above items at prescribed periodical intervals to all the Key Village Units in Puducherry and Karaikal region.

3)           Keeping a continuous vigil on the purchased/stored semen straws for  post thaw motility, to ensure better fertility rates.                                                                                                                  

4)           Purchase, storage and supply of medicines, feed supplements and      other inputs for the Key Village Units.







              The cattle development activities in the beginning constituted with the distribution of breeding bulls to interested cattle breeders to upgrade the quality of cattle.  This was succeeded by Key Village Scheme at compact areas in selected pockets.  The primary object of the scheme is to bring forth pedigree type of cattle wealth and that too within a short span.  Therefore it is a scheme for the development of cattle in selected compact areas and provides for a multifaced approach to the problem by simultaneous attention to breeding feeding, disease control etc.  The basic objective of the scheme is the rapid multiplication of crossbred cattle for meeting the acute shortage of high quality animals by grading up of the indigenous cattle population.  The term key village is expressively worded.  It shows that the key village holds the key to the successful cattle improvement can be achieved only by large scale work in villages where most of the cattle breeding is carried on. 


No. of Key Village Centres                     :         Puducherry    -         1 No.

                                                                      Karaikal        -         1 No.


No. of Blocks in the Key Village Centres  :         Puducherry    -         4 Nos.

                                                                      Karaikal        -         1 No.


No. of Key Village Units                         :         Puducherry    -       43 Nos.

                                                                      Karaikal        -       16 Nos.

                                                                      Mahe            -         3 Nos.

                                                   Yanam          -         3 Nos.



Urban Artificial Insemination Centres     :         Puducherry    -         1 No.

                                                                                   Karaikal        -         1 No.


Mobile Artificial Insemination Units        :         Puducherry    -         3 Nos.

                                                                                 Karaikal        -         1 No.


Frozen Semen Bank                               :         Puducherry    -         1 Nos.



                    The overall in-charge of Key Village Centres and Key Village Units is the Joint Director (Livestock Production).  The Key Village Units are grouped in 4 Blocks in respect of Puducherry Region and 1 Block in Karaikal Region and are supervised by the Veterinary Assistant Surgeons in the Key Village Centres.  The staff pattern of a Key Village Unit is one post of Assistant Veterinarian and one post of Attendant.  In the Key Village Unit, the following works are performed by the staff:-


Artificial Insemination work in cattle in the Key Village Units situated in the Rural Areas


Performing Pregnancy Verification & Calf Verification


First aid and Minor Veterinary Services.


Vaccination of animals against various contagious and

non-contagious diseases.


Conduct of Calf Rallies.


Deworming of cattle.


Assisting the Commune Veterinary Assistant Surgeon in the following departmental activities – a) Farmers Meet, b) Health Camp, c) Livestock Show, d) Farmers Seminar, e) Feed Distribution and f) Infertility Camp


Assisting Veterinary Assistant Surgeon at the Dispensary level in treatment of animals.


Extension and Field Publicity Work of all Departmental activities.


Assisting the Veterinary Assistant Surgeon in implementing

the various schemes.


Maintenance of all Records and Registers pertaining to the

scheme / programme activities


 1.       Arificial Insemination:

          Artificial Insemination for cattle is carried out in all the 65 Key Village Units of the
Union Territory .  The animal brought is first examined for detection of heat.  If proper heat is detected the Artificial Insemination is done with appropriate semen straw using Recto-Vaginal Technique with the help of a sterile Artificial Insemination catheter and the semen is deposited in the uterus of the animal by the veterinarian in dispensaries and by trained Assistant Veterinarian in the Key Village Units.  The details of Artificial Insemination like type of semen, bull No., date & other relevant details are recorded in the Artificial Insemination Hand book supplied to the farmers, by the Department.  A separate page is maintained for each and every animal maintained by the farmers.

2.      Pregnancy & Calf Verifications.  

              After 60 days from the date of last A.I., the animal can be examined per-rectum for verification of pregnancy, and if found positive for pregnancy then it is recorded in the A.I. hand book of the farmer and the tentative date of calving is also given and the same is also recorded in the A.I. register of the Key Village Units.

              If the animal is not pregnant then the animal is treated wherever necessary to bring the animal back to heat for doing A.I. and the owner is advised accordingly as per case is concerned.

              When the calf in born it is again recorded both in the hand book and the Key Village Unit’s calf born register.  The female calves born will be inducted for the calf rally and into other schemes like the Calf Rearing Scheme etc.

              The pregnancy and calf verification is periodically done by the field staff - the Assistant Veterinarian and supervised or cross checked by the Veterinary Assistant Surgeon.  The Assistant Veterinarian visit the villages in the Afternoon session as per the advance tour programme. The Advance Tour programme of the Assistant Veterinarian of each Key Village Unit is given below.


    5. Conduct of Calf Rallies:         




Conduct of calf rallies provide the physical inspection and verification of the female calves produced by the field units out of Artificial Insemination.  It is also a meeting place for the livestock owners to see for them to improve the management technique adopted by the co-livestock owners and to practically follow the feeding methods to improve the health of their calves.  The selected good female calves would be awarded cash prizes (I Prize Rs.500/-; II Prize Rs.300/-; and III Prize Rs.200/-) as incentives to the owners of calves so as to motivate them to maintain their calves in a healthy condition and get maximum benefits.


 6.        Compensation to Un-insured animals

                    In view of safeguarding the interest of farmers and encouraging them to rear milch animals to maintain milk production, compensating the loss caused to farmers by death due to accident or diseases (or) permanent total disablement of their un-insured milch cows / buffalo resulting in which the cows becomes permanent total incapacity to conceive or yield milk and in case of Bullocks resulting in permanent total incapacity for the normal purpose of usage and creating confidence in the farmers to manage their occupation and prevent them from changing over to other subsidiary occupations.  In the case of death of   un-insured animal, the farmer will get compensation of Rs.6000/- and in the case of permanent total disablement of uninsured livestock, the farmers will get compensation of Rs.3000/-.